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abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy Glossary terms for Beginners

abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy

What does a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy consist of?

What does a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy consist of?

During a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy, your doctor will use an instrument called a colposcope, which looks a lot like a microscope, to get an up-close look at your cervix. You’ll lie on an exam table and she’ll use a speculum to keep your vagina open. Next she’ll rub a solution of acetic acid (similar to vinegar) on your cervix. This liquid helps her see any abnormal cells. It might burn a little.

abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy

can you have a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy on your period

can you have a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy on your period

If you still have periods, it happens. When your doctor scheduled you for a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy procedure you may not have thought you would have your period. What happens if you get your period? Should you reschedule your exam or can your doctor still do a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy when you are menstruating? Can having your period interfere with your results? These are common questions, so don’t fret—let’s get to the bottom of this concern.

Understanding the Colposcopy Procedure

A abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy is a procedure which allows doctors to get a closer examination of a woman’s cervix. During a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy, a doctor will first use a speculum to hold the walls of the vagina open (exactly the same process used during a routine pelvic examination). Then, the doctor will use an instrument called a colposcope, which is placed just outside the vagina.

As a magnifying device, the colposcope contains a light that is shined into the vagina and onto the cervix. (A abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy can be simplistically thought of as a Pap smear exam with a microscope). A weak solution of acetic acid is also applied to the cervix using a cotton swab, which allows the doctor to detect abnormal cells. Sometimes this can cause mild burning.
Reasons for Doing a Colonoscopy

Typically a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy is performed if a woman is found to have abnormal cells on her Pap smear. During a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy, the doctor may take a cervical biopsy (a small tissue sample).

This tissue can then be examined under a microscope to determine if an abnormal area of the cervix is benign, precancerous, or cancerous.

Your doctor may also recommend a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy if she finds that you have an inflamed cervix, a positive HPV test, genital warts, growths on your cervix, or any symptoms that may be suspicious for cervical cancer like abnormal pain or bleeding.

There are many different types of abnormalities which may be found on a Pap smear and this can be very confusing. Learn more about abnormal Pap smear terminology such as ASCUS, SIL, AGC, dysplasia, and CIN, as well as the follow-up procedures which are usually recommended for each of these changes.
Can You Undergo A Colposcopy During Your Period?

According to the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the American Cancer Society, it is best that a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy is done when a woman is not having her menstrual period. This is because during menstruation, visualizing the cervix can be compromised.

That being said, if you are at the very end or very beginning of your cycle or your bleeding is very light, your doctor may wish to proceed. If you are not sure whether you should have the exam, it is best to call your doctor’s office. They can give you the best advice on whether you should reschedule your appointment or not.

Every woman is different, however, and there may be reasons why your doctor would want to go ahead with your abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy even with your period, or, on the other hand, reasons why she would prefer you would wait. If you are having abnormal uterine bleeding (dysfunctional uterine bleeding) or spot frequently, it may be necessary to have your abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy even with some blood present.

Your doctor will weigh many factors such as the chance that your abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy will find serious problems (for very abnormal Pap smears), risk factors you have for cervical cancer, your general health, and more.

In addition, it’s useful to know that the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology also recommends that a woman does not douche, use tampons or vaginal medications, or have sexual intercourse for at least 24 hours before the abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy.
After a Colposcopy

For a few days after a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy, you may have a dark vaginal discharge. Some light bleeding is normal, and you may feel sore and crampy.

If a biopsy was performed, you should not insert anything into your vagina for a week, including tampons, douches, and creams. In addition, you should refrain from sexual activity.

Rarely, a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy can cause complications. The risk of complications is minimal, but if you experience any of the following, you should call your doctor:

Heavy or prolonged bleeding
Fever
Signs of vaginal infection
Pelvic pain

If your doctor schedules you for a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy, it’s important that you have this procedure. Remember, the pap smear is just a screening test—a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy with a biopsy is needed to determine whether cervical cancer or the changes that can progress to cervical cancer are present.
Bottom Line on Having a Colposcopy During Your Period

In general, it’s best to have a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy procedure when you do not have your period, but rather than simply rescheduling your procedure you should call your doctor’s office and ask what they recommend. There may be times when your doctor will want to go ahead with the test, especially if you are at a lighter stage of your period. If you will need to reschedule your abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy, the ideal time appears to be about one week after your menstrual period.

abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy

What Is a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy?

What Is a abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy?

When doctors want to do a careful evaluation of an abnormal Pap test, they usually recommend a colposcopy. This complicated word really means a fairly simple procedure — examining the cervix in detail with a pair of high-tech binoculars. The whole thing usually takes less than 10 minutes.

1. Getting ready

First, the doctor or nurse will talk to you about your Pap results, explain the procedure, and get your consent. They’ll want to know if you’re pregnant, because it makes a difference in the procedures they do.

Next the doctor will put in a speculum, just like for a Pap test, and then bring the colposcope into place. The colposcope might look pretty intimidating, but it stays outside of you, so don’t worry.

2. The white-spot test

A vinegar solution is applied to the cervix using large Q-tips. Most people don’t feel this part at all, but occasionally someone will feel mild stinging.

The vinegar will turn the abnormal areas of the cervix white. This can take up to three minutes to take full effect, and it’s kind of boring until that happens. You just have to wait.

Once the vinegar has done its work, the doctor will carefully look at each area of the cervix. A cervix looks like a donut from this angle. There might need to be a little pushing and pulling using small Q-tips while we try to see as far as we can down the donut hole.
3. Taking a sample

If an area of whiteness is found, the doctor will use a small instrument to take a speck of it for testing. This is known as a biopsy. There may be more than one area. Biopsies can pinch or pull, but they are over in a second. Most people don’t feel too much pain with them. The small pieces will be put into containers to send to the pathologist to evaluate.

Next, the doctor will usually take a sampling from down inside the cervix. This is generally done with four swipes of a small, sharp instrument, or with a mascara-brush-type wand.

This part can cramp, but it’s very important to make sure there are no abnormalities beyond where we can see. This part is not usually done in pregnancy.
4. Finishing up

If the biopsies stirred up any bleeding, pressure will be held over the areas. It may be necessary to use medication to stop the bleeding.

One method, silver nitrate, leaves dark ashes behind. These may fall out later into your underwear, looking like cigarette ashes. Another medication, Monsel’s solution, is a thick, amber-colored liquid that may also fall out later in dark chunks. Many women will wear a pad for a few days afterwards, just in case.

Then the speculum is removed, and it’s all over!

My advice to women is to find out how long it will be before the results are in, and call the office if you haven’t heard in a reasonable amount of time. Your doctor will make a plan with you then, based on the biopsy results. If the results are consistent with low-grade changes or less, the plan will probably be to repeat the Pap in six months.
Prevention

One other thing to consider is the HPV vaccine. You may think it’s too late to get it if you have already been infected with one kind of HPV. But since the vaccine protects against several strains, it may be worth getting anyway.

abnormal cells on cervix colposcopy


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